The history of human society is closely linked to the evolution of energy utilization since energy is one of the most basic criteria needed to sustain people’s daily lives.
Energy poverty refers to a situation in which it is difficult for people to obtain adequate, affordable, reliable, high-quality, safe, and environmentally friendly energy services to live a decent life and is widespread in all regions of the world.
In Europe, about 50 million to 125 million people living in energy poverty. In the underdeveloped regions of Asia and Africa, more than half of the total population lives in energy poverty. If effective measures are not taken to mitigate energy poverty, there will be approximately 2.5 billion people in the world who will not have access to clean and reliable energy and can only rely on traditional biomass energy as their daily energy source by 2030.